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dc.contributor.authorSánchez de Miguel, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorKyba, Christopher C. M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorZamorano, Jaimees_ES
dc.contributor.authorGallego, Jesúses_ES
dc.contributor.authorGaston, Kevin J.es_ES
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 10: 7829 (2020)es_ES
dc.descriptionOpen Access.-- This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.es_ES
dc.description.abstractDiffuse glow has been observed around brightly lit cities in nighttime satellite imagery since at least the first publication of large scale maps in the late 1990s. In the literature, this has often been assumed to be an error related to the sensor, and referred to as "blooming", presumably in relation to the effect that can occur when using a CCD to photograph a bright light source. Here we show that the effect seen on the DMSP/OLS, SNPP/VIIRS-DNB and ISS is not only instrumental, but in fact represents a real detection of light scattered by the atmosphere. Data from the Universidad Complutense Madrid sky brightness survey are compared to nighttime imagery from multiple sensors with differing spatial resolutions, and found to be strongly correlated. These results suggest that it should be possible for a future space-based imaging radiometer to monitor changes in the diffuse artificial skyglow of cities.© 2020, The Author(s).es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipTis work was supported by the EMISSI@N project (NERC grant NE/P01156X/1), COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action ES1204 LoNNe (Loss of the Night Network), the ORISON project (H2020- INFRASUPP-2015-2), the Cities at Night project, the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no 689443 via project GEOEssential, FPU grant from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia and F. Sánchez de Miguel. We acknowledge the support of the Spanish Network for Light Pollution Studies (MINECO AYA2011-15808-E) and also from STARS4ALL, a project funded by the European Union H2020-ICT-2015-688135. This work has been partially funded by the Spanish MICINN (AYA2016- 75808-R), and by the Madrid Regional Government through the TEC2SPACE-CM Project (P2018/NMT-4291). Te ISS images are courtesy of the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA Johnson Space Center. CCMK acknowledges the funding received through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme ERA-PLANET, grant agreement no. 689443, via the GEOEssential project, and funding from the Helmholtz Association Initiative and Networking Fund under grant ERC-RA-0031. We thank J. Coesfeld for producing Fig. 1. We thank the organizers of the LPTMM 2013 conference for providing a stimulating forum in which we discussed the nature of the difuse light around cities in detail. Tanks to Emma R. Howard for her help in the editing of this article.es_ES
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subjectAstronomical instrumentationes_ES
dc.subjectAtmospheric opticses_ES
dc.subjectEcological epidemiologyes_ES
dc.subjectEnvironmental impactes_ES
dc.titleThe nature of the diffuse light near cities detected in nighttime satellite imageryes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Cooperation in Science and Technologyes_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissiones_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia y Tecnología (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Telecomunicaciones (Costa Rica)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderComunidad de Madrides_ES
dc.contributor.funderHelmholtz Associationes_ES
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