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Performance of culture lines established in vitro from a monumental birch tree

AuthorsPurificación Covelo Abeleira; Nieves Vidal González; Jesús M Vielba Villegas; Martin Reggiardo; Mª Concepción Sánchez Fernández
Issue Date10-Sep-2018
AbstractBiotechnological approaches by using in vitro culture techniques can be applied for clonal propagation and genetic transformation. Furthermore, they offer an alternative for ex situ conservation of elite genotypes, including monumental trees which are characterized by their high biological, ecological, historical and cultural values. It is well known that clonal propagation and in vitro morphogenesis of adult trees is negatively affected by the maturation-related loss of rooting and regeneration abilities. However, little is known about the effect of the position of the initial explants (based in their location or topophysis on the branch) on their in vitro performance. The aim of this work was to micropropagate a mature white birch tree (Betula pubescens ssp. celtiberica), and to study the in vitro response of shoot culture lines established from different crown branches. The tree is included in the catalogue of monumental trees (https://www.monumentaltrees.com) with nº 17602. For in vitro establishment, newly grown shoots were collected in June from top branches as well as from ¿epicormic shoots¿ originated on thick lower crown branches near to the trunk junction. Nodal segments, bearing one axillary bud, were labelled ¿1 to n¿ from the first uppermost (1) node position to the bottom (n) of the shoot, and used to establish different culture lines that were maintained separately in subsequent proliferation cycles. Woody Plant medium supplemented with 0.5 mg L-1 N6-benzyladenine and 0.001 mg L-1 naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) was used for establishment of cultures, and Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented con 0.4 mg L-1 meta-topoline and 0.01 mg L-1 NAA was used for proliferation. After 4 and 6 weeks of culture, the nº of shoots, length of longest shoot and rooting percentage were recorded.
Appears in Collections:(IIAG) Comunicaciones congresos
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