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Title

Towards Naples Ecological REsearch for Augmented Observatories (NEREA): The NEREA-Fix Module, a Stand-Alone Platform for Long-Term Deep-Sea Ecosystem Monitoring

AuthorsFanelli, Emanuela ; Aguzzi, Jacopo ; Marini, S.; Río, Joaquín del; Nogueras, Marc; Canese, Simonepietro; Stefanni, Sergio; Danovaro, Roberto; Conversano, Fabio
KeywordsStand-alone observatory
Optoacoustic imaging
Ecological monitoring
Remote datatransmission
Artificial Intelligence
Issue Date21-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSensors 20(10): 2911 (2020)
AbstractDeep-sea ecological monitoring is increasingly recognized as indispensable for the comprehension of the largest biome on Earth, but at the same time it is subjected to growing human impacts for the exploitation of biotic and abiotic resources. Here, we present the Naples Ecological REsearch (NEREA) stand-alone observatory concept (NEREA-fix), an integrated observatory with a modular, adaptive structure, characterized by a multiparametric video-platform to be deployed in the Dohrn canyon (Gulf of Naples, Tyrrhenian Sea) at ca. 650 m depth. The observatory integrates a seabed platform with optoacoustic and oceanographic/geochemical sensors connected to a surface transmission buoy, plus a mooring line (also equipped with depth-staged environmental sensors). This reinforced high-frequency and long-lasting ecological monitoring will integrate the historical data conducted over 40 years for the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) at the station “Mare Chiara”, and ongoing vessel-assisted plankton (and future environmental DNA-eDNA) sampling. NEREA aims at expanding the observational capacity in a key area of the Mediterranean Sea, representing a first step towards the establishment of a bentho-pelagic network to enforce an end-to-end transdisciplinary approach for the monitoring of marine ecosystems across a wide range of animal sizes (from bacteria to megafauna)
DescriptionSpecial issue Selected Papers from the 2019 IMEKO TC-19 International Workshop on Metrology for the Sea.-- 16 pages, 3 figures, 1 table
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/s20102911
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/212563
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20102911
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/s20102911
issn: 1424-8220
e-issn: 1424-8220
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