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Assessing the Water-Stress Baselines by Thermal Imaging for Irrigation Management in Almond Plantations under Water Scarcity Conditions

AuthorsGutiérrez-Gordillo, Saray; García-Tejero, Iván Francisco; Durán Zuazo, Víctor Hugo; García Escalera, Amelia; Ferrera Gil, Fernando; Amores-Agüera, José Juan; Cárceles Rodríguez, Belén; Hernández-Santana, Virginia
Issue Date4-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationWater 12 (5): 1298 (2020)
AbstractThis work examines the use of thermal imaging to determine the crop water status in young almond trees under sustained deficit irrigation strategies (SDIs). The research was carried out during two seasons (2018&ndash;2019) in three cultivars (<i>Prunus dulcis</i> Mill., cvs. Guara, Lauranne, and Marta) subjected to three irrigation treatments: a full irrigation treatment (FI) at 100% of irrigation requirements (IR), and two SDIs that received 75% and 65% of the IR, respectively. Crop water monitoring was done by measurements of canopy temperature, leaf water potential (&Psi;<sub>leaf</sub>), and stomatal conductance. Thermal readings were used to define the non-water-stress baselines (NWSB) and water-stress baselines (WSB) for each treatment and cultivar. According to our findings, &Psi;<sub>leaf</sub> was the most responsive parameter to reflect differences in almond water status. In addition, NWSB and WSB allowed the determination of the crop water-stress index (CWSI) and the increment of canopy temperature (IT<sub>C</sub>) for each SDI treatment, obtaining threshold values of CWSI (0.12&ndash;0.15) and IT<sub>C</sub> (~1 &deg;C) that would ensure maximum water savings by minimizing the effects on yield. The findings highlight the importance of determining the different NWSB and WSB for different almond cultivars and its potential use for proper irrigation scheduling.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/w12051298
Appears in Collections:Colección MDPI
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