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Lethality caused by ADP-glucose accumulation is suppressed by salt-induced carbon flux redirection in cyanobacteria

AuthorsDíaz-Troya, Sandra ; Roldán, Miguel; Mallén-Ponce M.J.; Ortega-Martínez, P.; Florencio, Francisco J.
Energy charge
Nitrogen metabolism
Photosynthesis, Synechocystis.
Issue Date2020
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Experimental Botany 71: 2005- 2017 (2020)
AbstractCyanobacteria are widely distributed photosynthetic organisms. During the day they store carbon, mainly as glycogen, to provide the energy and carbon source they require for maintenance during the night. Here, we generate a mutant strain of the freshwater cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 lacking both glycogen synthases. This mutant has a lethal phenotype due to massive accumulation of ADP-glucose, the substrate of glycogen synthases. This accumulation leads to alterations in its photosynthetic capacity and a dramatic decrease in the adenylate energy charge of the cell to values as low as 0.1. Lack of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, the enzyme responsible for ADP-glucose synthesis, or reintroduction of any of the glycogen synthases abolishes the lethal phenotype. Viability of the glycogen synthase mutant is also fully recovered in NaCl-supplemented medium, which redirects the surplus of ADP-glucose to synthesize the osmolite glucosylglycerol. This alternative metabolic sink also suppresses phenotypes associated with the defective response to nitrogen deprivation characteristic of glycogen-less mutants, restoring the capacity to degrade phycobiliproteins. Thus, our system is an excellent example of how inadequate management of the adenine nucleotide pools results in a lethal phenotype, and the influence of metabolic carbon flux in cell viability and fitness.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erz559
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/jxb/erz559
issn: 1460-2431
Appears in Collections:(IBVF) Artículos
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