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Evaluation of redox chemistries for single-use biodegradable capillary flow batteries

AuthorsIbrahim, O.A.; Alday, P.; Sabaté, N.; Esquivel, J.P.; Kjeang, E.
Issue Date2017
PublisherIOP Publishing
CitationJournal of the Electrochemical Society 164: A2448- A2456 (2017)
AbstractThe rate of battery waste generation is rising dramatically worldwide due to increased use and consumption of electronic devices. A new class of portable and biodegradable capillary flow batteries was recently introduced as a solution for single-use disposable applications. The concept utilizes stored organic redox species and supporting electrolytes inside a dormant capillary flow cell which is activated by the dropwise addition of aqueous liquid. Herein, various organic redox species are systematically evaluated for prospective use in disposable capillary flow cells with regards to their electrochemical characteristics, solubility, storability and biodegradability. Qualitative ex-situ techniques are first applied to assess half-cell solubility, redox potential and kinetics, followed by quantitative in-situ measurements of discharge performance of selected redox chemistries in a microfluidic cell with flow-through porous electrodes. Para-benzoquinone in oxalic acid and either hydroquinone sulfonic acid or ascorbic acid in potassium hydroxide are identified for the positive and negative half-cells, respectively, yielding a maximum discharge power density of 50 mW/cm. A prototype capillary flow battery using the same redox chemistries demonstrates robust cell voltages above 1.0 V and maximum discharge power of 1.9 mW. These results show that practical primary battery performance can be achieved with biodegradable chemistries in a disposable device.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.0971712jes
Identifiersdoi: 10.1149/2.0971712jes
issn: 1945-7111
Appears in Collections:(IMB-CNM) Artículos
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