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Conformational Domino Effect in Saccharides: A Prediction from Alkyl β-(1→6)-Diglucopyranosides

AuthorsRoën, Alfredo; Padrón, Juan I. ; Mayato, Carlos; Vázquez, Jesús T.
KeywordsReaction products
Molecular properties
Issue Date3-Apr-2008
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Organic Chemistry 73(9): 3351–3363 (2008)
AbstractA series of alkyl β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranosides, containing nonchiral and chiral aglycons, were synthesized and analyzed by NMR and CD. The results, collected from four sets of disaccharides, demonstrated that the rotational properties of the interglycosidic linkage depend on the structural natures of both the aglycon and the solvent. Stereoelectronic and steric factors explain this rotational dependence, the gauche−trans (gt) rotamer being the most stable. Furthermore, correlations between Taft’s steric parameters or between the pKa values of the alkyl substituent (aglycon) versus corresponding rotamer populations were observed. These results point to a natural conformational domino effect in oligosaccharides, where the conformational properties of each (1→6) interglycosidic linkage will depend on the structure of the previous residue or its aglycon. In addition, a very weak rotational population dependence of the hydroxymethyl group at residue II on the aglycon at residue I was observed. The population of the gauche−gauche (gg) rotamer decreased, and that of gt increased as the Taft’s steric parameters of the remote aglycon increased, independently of the disaccharide series and of the solvent.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/jo800191z
Appears in Collections:(IPNA) Artículos
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