English   español  
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/211937
Share/Impact:
Statistics
logo share SHARE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE
Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL
Exportar a otros formatos:

Title

Electrochemical Methods for Lithium Recovery: A Comprehensive and Critical Review

AuthorsBattistel, Alberto; Palagonia, Maria Sofia; Brogioli, Doriano; La Mantia, Fabio; Trocoli, Rafael
KeywordsBrine
Electrochemical methods
Lithium extraction
Lithium recovery
Sustainable mining
Issue Date19-Apr-2020
PublisherWiley-VCH
CitationAdvanced Materials: 10.1002/adma.201905440 (2020)
AbstractDue to the ubiquitous presence of lithium‐ion batteries in portable applications, and their implementation in the transportation and large‐scale energy sectors, the future cost and availability of lithium is currently under debate. Lithium demand is expected to grow in the near future, up to 900 ktons per year in 2025. Lithium utilization would depend on a strong increase in production. However, the currently most extended lithium extraction method, the lime‐soda evaporation process, requires a period of time in the range of 1–2 years and depends on weather conditions. The actual global production of lithium by this technology will soon be far exceeded by market demand. Alternative production methods have recently attracted great attention. Among them, electrochemical lithium recovery, based on electrochemical ion‐pumping technology, offers higher capacity production, it does not require the use of chemicals for the regeneration of the materials, reduces the consumption of water and the production of chemical wastes, and allows the production rate to be controlled, attending to the market demand. Here, this technology is analyzed with a special focus on the methodology, materials employed, and reactor designs. The state‐of‐the‐art is reevaluated from a critical perspective and the viability of the different proposed methodologies analyzed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201905440
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/211937
ISSN0935-9648
Appears in Collections:(ICMAB) Artículos
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Battistel_AdvMat_2020_editorial.pdf2,79 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Show full item record
Review this work
 


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.