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Archaeology, chronology, and age-diet insights of two late fourth millennium cal BC pit graves from central southern Iberia (Córdoba, Spain)

AuthorsMartínez Sánchez, Rafael M.; Tejedor García, Úrsula; López-Flores, Inmaculada; Delgado Huertas, Antonio ; Granados Torres, Arsenio ; Tovar Acedo, Luis Rey; Clapés Salmoral, Rafael
KeywordsCircular pit graves
Early Copper Age
Human remains
Iberian Peninsula
Stable isotopes
Issue Date1-Mar-2020
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology 30 (2): 245-255 (2020)
AbstractThis study presents the isotopic ratios, radiocarbon datings, and anthropological analyses of five (N = 5) Early Copper Age individuals from two archaeological sites (Arruzafa and Iglesia Antigua de Alcolea) of the Middle Guadalquivir Valley near the city of Córdoba (Spain). Four had been buried in the same grave, possibly in a single event or in a very short time lapse. The collagen residue analyses of the individuals offer δC values ranging between −20.08 and −18.4 and δN values between 8.57 and 11.15. The findings indicate that the infant and the elderly had, respectively, the richest and poorest animal protein diets, the first likely as a result of nursing. The combined study of these five individuals offers an interesting approach to a small segment of population of the farming communities occupying this territory at the beginning of the Copper Age (3200–3000 cal BC).
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.2853
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/oa.2853
issn: 1099-1212
Appears in Collections:(IACT) Artículos
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