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Use of ground coal bottom ash as cement constituent in concretes exposed to chloride environments

AuthorsArgiz, Cristina; Moragues Terrades, Amparo; Menéndez, Esperanza
KeywordsGround coal bottom ash
Chloride ingress
Issue Date2018
CitationJournal of Cleaner Production 170: 25-33 (2018)
SeriesMethods in Molecular Biology 1855
AbstractCoal bottom ash waste obtained from thermoelectric power plants could be recycled like any other new cement constituent when sufficiently ground. Such a proposal would result in a reduction of both energy consumption and CO2 emissions from cement production, while minimising the environmental impact of disposing of the coal bottom ash in landfill sites. The new cement constituent must guarantee at least the same durability than that of cements in current use. In order to assess the viability of using the coal bottom ash as the new main constituent of Portland cements, a comparative study with coal fly ash supplied by the same power plant was conducted. Coal fly as and ground coal bottom ash were used to replace 10% and 25% of the weight of the Portland cement. Natural chloride diffusion and chloride migration, as well as electrical resistivity, were determined in the concrete. Concretes made with 25% of coal bottom ash result in lower migration and diffusion coefficients (Dnssm = 0.98·10−12 and De = 0.42·10−12) than concretes with 10% (Dnssm = 4.12·10−12 and De = 1.33·10−12). These coefficients are lower than those for coal fly ash for the same ash content of 25% (Dnssm = 3.82·10−12 and De = 1.26·10−12) or 10% (Dnssm = 7.06·10−12 and De = 3.80·10−12). In addition, concretes made of cements with 25% of ground coal bottom ash showed significant higher resistivity values than coal fly ash concretes with ages over 28 days. These results can be explained by considering the higher fineness of the ground coal bottom ash.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.117
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