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Profile of Chlorophyll Catabolites in Senescent Leaves of Epipremnun aureum Includes a Catabolite Esterified with Hydroxytyrosol 1-O-Glucoside

AuthorsRoca, María ; Pérez Gálvez, Antonio
Issue Date5-Mar-2020
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Natural Products 83 (4): 873–880 (2020)
AbstractDespite the fact that chlorophyll degradation is a physiological phenomenon occurring daily in all photosynthetic tissues, chlorophyll catabolites are not fully identified. Three new forms (1, 3, and 4) of linear chlorophyll catabolites (phyllobilins) have been characterized in senescent leaves of Epipremnun aureum with spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a hypermodified blue fluorescent chlorophyll catabolite (hmFCC) esterified with the potent antioxidant hydroxytyrosol. The sequestration of this phenol by a chlorophyll catabolite could explain the physiological meaning of the persistence of hmFCCs in some senescent plants. Compound 3, a yellow chlorophyll catabolite (YCC) originated from the oxidation at C-15 of 1. YCCs have been identified previously and are exclusively formed in the plant vacuole from the final nonfluorescent chlorophyll catabolites (NCCs). The presence of 3 in leaves implies a new reaction in chlorophyll catabolism, as the characterization of 3 implies that YCCs can be also be oxidized in the cytosol from FCCs. Finally, phyllobilin 4 represents a new type of YCC characterized by an inflexible bicyclo glucosyl moiety linked through an intramolecular esterification of the propionic acid residue with the C-3 hydroxy group. The corresponding NCC precursor was recently identified and now the characterization of 4 shows that even this rigid structure can be further oxidized. Undoubtedly, the characterization of phyllobilins is essential to completely comprehend chlorophyll degradation.
Description2 Figuras.-- 1 Tabla.-- 1 Esquema
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00546
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