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Release of hypoacetylated and trimethylated histone H4 is an epigenetic marker of early apoptosis

AuthorsBoix-Chornet, Manuel; Fraga, Mario F.; Villar-Garea, Ana; Caballero, R.; Espada, Jesús ; Núñez, Andrea; Casado-Vela, Juan; Largo, Cristina; Casal, J. Ignacio ; Cigudosa, Juan C.; Franco, L.; Esteller, Manel; Ballestar, Esteban
Issue Date12-May-2006
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJ Biol Chem 281(19) 13540-7 (2006)
AbstractNuclear events such as chromatin condensation, DNA cleavage at internucleosomal sites, and histone release from chromatin are recognized as hallmarks of apoptosis. However, there is no complete understanding of the molecular events underlying these changes. It is likely that epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation and histone modifications that are involved in chromatin dynamics and structure are also involved in the nuclear events described. In this report we have shown that apoptosis is associated with global DNA hypomethylation and histone deacetylation events in leukemia cells. Most importantly, we have observed a particular epigenetic signature for early apoptosis defined by a release of hypoacetylated and trimethylated histone H4 and internucleosomal fragmented DNA that is hypermethylated and originates from perinuclear heterochromatin. These findings provide one of the first links between apoptotic nuclear events and epigenetic markers.
Description11 p.-5 fig.-1 fig. supl.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M601136200
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