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Engineering of a low‐cost, highly active, and durable tantalate-graphene hybrid electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction

AuthorsZhang, Gaixia; Sebastián del Río, David ; Zhang, Xilin; Wei, Qiliang; Lo Vecchio, Carmelo; Zhang, Jihai; Baglio, Vincenzo; Wang, Weichao; Shuhui, Sun; Aricò, Antonino Salvatore; Tavares, Ana C.
KeywordsHybrid catalysts
Metal nitride
Metal oxides
Oxygen reduction reaction
Issue Date6-May-2020
CitationAdvanced Energy Materials: 2000075 (2020)
AbstractThe oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is one of the most important reactions in renewable energy conversion and storage devices. The full deployment of these devices depends on the development of highly active, stable, and low‐cost catalysts. Herein, a new hybrid material consisting of Na2Ta8O21−x/Ta2O5/Ta3N5 nanocrystals grown on N‐doped reduced graphene oxide is reported. This catalyst shows a significantly enhanced ORR activity by ≈4 orders of magnitude in acidic media and by ≈2 orders of magnitude in alkaline media compared to individual Na2Ta8O21−x on graphene. Moreover, it has excellent stability in both acid and alkaline media. It also has much better methanol tolerance than the commercial Pt/C, which is relevant to methanol fuel cells. The high ORR activity arises not only from the synergistic effect among the three Ta phases, but also from the concomitant nitrogen doping of the reduced graphene oxide nanosheets. A correlation between ORR activity and nitrogen content is demonstrated. Deep insights into the mechanism of the synergistic effect among these three Ta‐based phases, which boosts the ORR's kinetics, are acquired by combining specific experiments and density functional theory calculations.
Description8 Figures.-- Supporting information.-- This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Advanced Energy Materials: 202000075 (2020), which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.202000075. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aenm.202000075
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