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Vermiremediation of Biomixtures from Biobed Systems Contaminated with Pesticides

AuthorsDelgado-Moreno, Laura; Nogales Vargas-Machuca, Rogelio; Romero, Esperanza
KeywordsEisenia fetida
Contaminated biomixtures
Dehydrogenase activity
Pesticide residues
Issue Date2-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationApplied Sciences 10(9): 3173 (2020)
AbstractBiobeds bioremediation systems are effectively used for minimizing pesticide point-source contamination. For keeping the biobed effectiveness, its biomixture needs to be replaced every so often. The exhausted biomixtures can contain pesticide residues and so they require a special treatment before being discharged into the environment. In this study, we explore the potential of vermiremediation for cleaning up biobed biomixtures contaminated with pesticides. Two biomixtures composed of soil:peat:straw (P) and soil:vermicompost of wet olive cake: olive tree pruning (O), contaminated with high loads of four pesticides, were used. Vermicomposting was carried out by Eisenia fetida earthworms for 12 weeks. Results showed that 50% and 70% of the earthworms colonized the contaminated P and O biomixtures, respectively, but the number of alive earthworms decreased with time just as their weight. The colonization of biomixtures did not significantly affect the dissipation of imidacloprid and tebuconazole, but increased 1.4 fold the dissipation of oxyfluorfen in both biomixtures and that of diuron in biomixture P. Although the presence of high loads of pesticides and the composition of the biomixtures limited the vermiremediation, satisfactory results were obtained for diuron and oxyfluorfen. Complementing vermiremediation with other remediation practices could improve the efficiency of this technology
Description© 2020 by the authors
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093173
Appears in Collections:(EEZ) Artículos
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