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Title

Chondroitin sulfate and hydroxyapatite from Prionace glauca shark jaw: Physicochemical and structural characterization

AuthorsLópez-Álvarez, Miriam; González, Pio; Serra, Julia; Fraguas, Javier; Valcárcel, J.; Vázquez, José Antonio
KeywordsNatural macromolecules
Chondroitin sulfate
Biomaterials
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier
CitationInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules 156: 329-339 (2020)
AbstractIn the present work, the potential of the Prionace glauca jaw as a source of both chondroitin sulfate and bioapatite is explored. The sandwich-type structure in cross section of the jaw based on alternate layers with prevalence in organic tissue or mineralized is shown and these bands respectively confirmed as CS or hydroxyapatite -enriched zones. As result of this, an optimized process in sequential steps for the recovery of both biomaterials and their purification process is proposed, by combining enzymatic proteolysis, chemical precipitation and separation using ultrafiltration membrane for CS production together with controlled thermal treatment for hydroxyapatite obtaining. The purified CS was characterized by Gel Permeation Chromatography, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Strong Anion Exchange Chromatography, revealing a polymeric material with a molecular weight of 67 kDa, and prevalent 6S-GalNAc sulfation (68%), followed by 4S-GalNAc (13%), a significant proportion of disulfated disaccharides (12%) and only 7% of non-sulfated units. In the case of the bioapatite a purified biphasic 60:40 porous calcium phosphate of hydroxyapatite: whitlockite/β-TCP was confirmed. Hydroxyapatite as major component (85%) was also obtained for jaws directly subjected to the thermal treatment. This proved the influence of the enzymatic hydrolysis and centrifugation on the composition of the mineral fraction
Description11 pages, 9 figures
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.04.010
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/211392
DOI10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.04.010
ISSN0141-8130
E-ISSN1879-0003
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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