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Nutritional and other health properties of olive pomace oil

AuthorsMateos, Raquel ; Sarriá, Beatriz ; Bravo, Laura
KeywordsOlive-pomace oil
Monounsaturated fat
Minor components
Pentacyclic triterpenes
Aliphatic fatty alcohols
Issue Date2019
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition (2019)
AbstractOlive-pomace oil is rich in oleic acid, and thus it can be an interesting dietary fat alternative as it can allow reaching the recommendation of consuming 20% of total diet energy in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids. In addition, olive-pomace oil also contains a wide range of minor components that may contribute to its healthy properties. The major components identified with healthy properties are triterpenic dialcohols and acids, squalene, tocopherols, sterols, fatty alcohols and phenolic compounds. The refining process, that the crude pomace-oil must undergo for commercial purposes, significantly reduces the content of phenolic compounds, while the other minor components remain at concentrations which can induce positive health effects, especially on cardiovascular health, outstanding pentacyclic triterpenes and aliphatic fatty alcohols in olive-pomace oil. Numerous in vitro and preclinical studies support that mainly the pure compounds, or extracts isolated from plant sources, play an important role in preventing cardiovascular disease and risk factors. Likewise, tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols, in addition to the minor fraction of phenolic compounds, have shown high biological activity with particular association to the cardiovascular function. In the light of the foregoing, and taking into consideration the absence of clinical studies with olive-pomace oil, it would be of great interest to develop randomized, crossover, controlled, double-blind studies to extend the knowledge and understanding on the health effects of olive-pomace olive.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2019.1698005
Identifiersdoi: 10.1080/10408398.2019.1698005
e-issn: 1549-7852
issn: 1040-8398
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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