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Triplet Energy Transfer versus Excited State Cyclization as the Controlling Step in Photosensitized Bipyrimidine Dimerization

AuthorsAlzueta, O.R.; Cuquerella, M.Consuelo; Miranda, M. A.
Issue Date10-Sep-2019
PublisherACS Publications
CitationJournal of Organic Chemistry 84(21): 13329-13335 (2019)
AbstractPolymethylene-linked bipyrimidine models have been designed with different C5 substitutions and bridge lengths. Selective irradiation of 2′-methoxyacetophenone (2M) with the bipyrimidine models affords cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, even in the presence of bulky substituents. Substitution at C5 affects both the relative triplet energies (E) of the pyrimidines (Pyr) and the steric hindrance toward intermolecular energy transfer and intramolecular triplet Pyr∗ quenching. Photophysical studies showed that alkyl substitution resulted in a significant decrease in the E value. Quenching of the triplet excited state of 2M by the Pyr derivatives was proven and established their quenching rate constants (k). As a general trend, the thymine-containing compounds showed k values higher than 10 M s, while in the uracil and tert-butyluracil analogues, k was markedly lower. These data are explained considering three different scenarios: (a) triplet energy transfer is the rate controlling step, (b) excited state cyclization is the rate controlling step, and (c) the rate controlling step switches along the reaction. Thus, by introducing variations in the substitution at C5, the length of the linking bridge, or the substrate concentration, it is possible to switch from a process governed by the intrinsic dimerization step to an energy transfer-controlled process.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.9b01423
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acs.joc.9b01423
issn: 1520-6904
Appears in Collections:(ITQ) Artículos
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