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Title

Sensory electrical stimulation during cycling for the rehabilitation of muscle coordination

AuthorsGarcia Ordoñez, Javier
AdvisorTorricelli, Diego
Keywordssensory electrical stimulation
afferent electrical stimulation
somatosensory electrical stimulation
pedaling
cycling
reciprocal inhibition
H-reflex
neuromuscular coordination
neurorehabilitation
stroke
SCI
spinal cord injury
Issue Date15-Jun-2019
PublisherUniversidad Carlos III de Madrid
AbstractGait (a person’s way of walking) is highly complex and involves the musculoskeletal and nervous systems to achieve coordinated movement. Gait is key in daily life, and its impairment greatly reduces the quality of life, personal freedom and self-esteem of affected people. Gait alterations arise from disruption of neuromuscular coordination mechanisms, either due to injury or degeneration (ictus, spinal cord injury...). The long term goal of the line of research that is started with the work presented in this Thesis is to build and validate a neurorehabilitation platform that uses biologically-inspired mechanisms in order to enhance muscle coordination of walking in neurologically injured patients. As a first step towards this ambitious goal, this Bachelor’s Thesis involved the design, development and technical validation of the neurorehabilitation platform that combines cycling with sensory electrical stimulation. Furthermore, a pilot study was conducted in order to assess the performance and usability of the neurorehabilitation platform. Preliminary results were encouraging, which gives the confidence toward the future applications of the platform. The present Bachelor’s Thesis has developed the necessary setups for performing a variety of experiments related with cycling and electrical stimulation. Future work should focus in further developing the experimental technique used for assessment of muscle coordination, and using the developed neurorehabilitation platform for conducting broader studies with more subjects, both healthy and neurologically injured, with a variety of modalities and diverse stimulation patterns. Eventually, and based on the acquired knowledge about stimulation and neurorehabilitation, a commercial neurorehabilitation device could be created and distributed in order to enable low-cost walking rehabilitation for neurologically injured patients.
DescriptionMemoria de Trabajo Fin de Grado presentada por Javier Garcia Ordoñez, para obtener el título de Graduado en Ingeniería Biomédica por la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), realizada bajo la dirección de Dr. Diego Torricelli .-- 99 pages
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/211163
Appears in Collections:(IC) Tesis
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