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Chemical abundances of Seyfert 2 AGNs - I. Comparing oxygen abundances from distinct methods using SDSS

AuthorsDors, O. L.; Freitas-Lemes, P.; Amôres, E. B.; Pérez Montero, Enrique ; Cardaci, M. V.; Hägele, G. F.; Armah, M.; Krabbe, A. C.; Faúndez-Abans, M.
KeywordsGalaxies: abundances
Galaxies: active
Galaxies: nuclei
Galaxies: seyfert
ISM: abundances
Issue Date2020
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 492(1): 468-479 (2019)
AbstractWe compare the oxygen abundance (O/H) of the narrow-line regions (NLRs) of Seyfert 2 AGNs obtained through strong-line methods and from direct measurements of the electron temperature (Te-method). The aim of this study is to explore the effects of the use of distinct methods on the range of metallicity and on the mass-metallicity relation of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at low redshifts (z<~0.4). We used the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database (NED) to selected optical (3000<γ(Å)<7000) emission line intensities of 463 confirmed Seyfert 2 AGNs. The oxygen abundances of the NLRs were estimated using the theoretical Storchi-Bergmann et al. calibrations, the semi-empirical N2O2 calibration, the Bayesian H II-CHI-MISTRY code and the Te-method.We found that the oxygen abundance estimations via the strong-line methods differ from each other up to ~0.8 dex, with the largest discrepancies in the low-metallicity regime (12 + log(O/H) <~ 8.5).We confirmed that the Te-method underestimates the oxygen abundance in NLRs, producing unreal subsolar values. We did not find any correlation between the stellar mass of the host galaxies and the metallicity of their AGNs. This result is independent of the method used to estimate Z. © 2019 The Author(s).
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3492
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