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Firewood gathering strategies in Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici (Central Pyrenees). Some proposals

AuthorsObea, L.; Gassiot Ballbè, Ermengol; Clemente-Conte, Ignacio ; Díaz Bonilla, Sara; Garcia Casas, D. ; Rodríguez Antón, David ; Salvador, Guillem
KeywordsParc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici (Central Pyrenees)
Firewood gathering
Anthracological data
Dendrological data
Palynological data
Geographical data
Issue Date2019
PublisherUniversity of Liverpool
CitationAnthraco2019 – 7th International Anthracology Meeting Charcoal Science in Archaeology and Palaeoecology University of Liverpool - Central Teaching Hub, 2-6 September 2019 : (2019)
AbstractThe occupation of High Mountain environments by humans since the beginning of the Holocene has been demonstrated by different disciplines in the last decades alongside the impact the different activities documented have had on the landscape. Thanks to the research developed by the Grup d’Arqueologia d’Alta Muntanya (GAAM) in the Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici (PNAESM) c. 350 sites of archaeological interest have been fully recorded. Three of these sites have been completely excavated showing a sequence of intensive occupations since the Mesolithic. In this paper we highlight the constant need of heat and light by the groups of people who lived in those sites for a while and, thus, how firewood management might have constituted an important activity for them in terms of time and effort. Since some of the sites are located above the tree line, the integration of anthracological, dendrological, palynological and geographical data stands out as an interesting way to approach firewood management in the past. The evidence we have permits presenting some hypotheses about how firewood gathering was carried out by the groups living in those sites between the ninth and second millennia BP and how the Principle of Least Effort might represent a simplistic explanation of firewood gathering. Provided the flexibility it has, added to the particularities of high mountain environments, we believe that collecting wood might have been linked to other productive activities such as hunting or farming, thus proposing a more holistic approach to landscape management.
Appears in Collections:(IMF) Comunicaciones congresos
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