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Unidirectional replication as visualized by two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis

AuthorsMartin-Parras, Luis; Hernandez, Pablo ; Martínez-Robles, María Luisa ; Schvartzman, Jorge Bernardo
Replication origins
Replication termini
Replicative intermediates
Two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis
Issue Date20-Aug-1991
CitationJournal of Molecular Biology 220 (4) 843-853 (1991)
AbstractTwo-dimensional (2D) agarose gel electrophoresis is progressively replacing electron microscopy as the technique of choice to map the initiation and termination sites for DNA replication. Two different versions were originally developed to analyze the replication of the yeast 2 μm plasmid. Neutral/Neutral (N/N) 2D agarose gel electrophoresis has subsequently been used to study the replication of other eukaryotic plasmids, viruses and chromosomal DNAs. In some cases, however, the results do not conform to the expected 2D gel patterns. In order to better understand this technique, we employed it to study the replication of the colE1-like plasmid, pBR322. This was the first time replicative intermediates from a unidirectionally replicated plasmid have been analyzed by means of N/N 2D agarose gel electrophoresis. The patterns obtained were significantly different from those obtained in the case of bidirectional replication. We showed that identification of a complete are corresponding to molecules containing an internal bubble is not sufficient to distinguish a symmetrically located bidirectional origin from an asymmetrically located unidirectional origin. We also showed that unidirectionally replicated fragments containing a stalled fork can produce a pattern with an inflection point. Finally, replication appeared to initiate at only some of the potential origins in each multimer of pBR322 DNA.
Description11 p.-5 fig.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(91)90357-C
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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