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Roles of p63 during ectoderm specification

AuthorsSantos-Pereira, José M. ; Gallardo-Fuentes, Lourdes; Neto, Ana; Acemel, Rafael D.; Tena, Juan J.
Ectoderm specification
Gene regulation
Pioneer factor
Issue Date3-Nov-2019
CitationInternational p53/p63/p73 Isoforms Workshop (2019)
AbstractThe transcription factor p63 is a master regulator of ectoderm development essential for epidermal specification. Although previous studies have highlighted the role of p63 triggering the epidermal differentiation program in several in vitro models, the mechanisms of target gene regulation by p63 in the complex context of a developing embryo remains poorly understood. Here, we used zebrafish embryos to analyze in vivo how p63 regulates the expression of its target genes during development. We generated tp63 knock-out mutants that recapitulate human phenotypes and show down-regulated epidermal gene expression. Following p63- binding dynamics during development, we found two distinct functions clearly separated in space and time. During early development, p63 binds enhancers associated to neural genes, where it limits Sox3 binding and reduces the expression of these neural genes. Indeed, we show that p63 and Sox3 are co-expressed in the neural plate border. Later in development, p63 binds enhancers associated to epidermal genes and promotes their expression, acting as a pioneer factor, as it binds to non-accessible chromatin and is required for its opening. Therefore, our results suggest that p63 is an important regulator of cell fate decisions during ectoderm specification, promoting the epidermal fate and inhibiting the neural program
DescriptionResumen del trabajo presentado en el International p53/p63/p73 Isoforms Workshop, celebrado en Dubrovnik (Croacia), del 3 al 6 de noviembre de 2019
Appears in Collections:(CABD) Comunicaciones congresos
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