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Migration, adaptation, innovation: The spread of Neolithic harvesting technologies in the Mediterranean

AuthorsMazzucco, Niccolò ; Ibáñez-Estévez, Juan José ; Capuzzo, Giacomo; Gassin, Bernard; Mineo, Mario; Gibaja, Juan Francisco
KeywordsHarvesting technologies
Mediterranean basin
Issue Date2020
PublisherPlos One
CitationPLoS ONE (15/4): e0232455. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232455 (2020)
AbstractThis article explores the changes that occurred in harvesting technology during the dispersal of the Neolithic in the Mediterranean basin. It does so through technological and use-wear analysis of flaked stone tools from archaeological sites dated between ca. 7000 and 5000 cal BCE, from the Aegean Sea to the westernmost coasts of Portugal. The main goal is to analyse the transformations that occurred in the harvesting toolkit. Our study reveals dynamics of continuity and change in sickles at a Mediterranean scale, resulting from adaptations of the migrant groups to the newly occupied territories and from processes of technological innovation. Adaptations in the production system of the inserts and in their use-pattern occurred in relation to lithic raw material availability and knappers’ skills, but also in relation to the scale of production and farming techniques. A major shift took place in the north-western Mediterranean arc with the diffusion of parallel-hafted inserts, probably as a result of heterogeneous phenomena including the diffusion of new groups, technical transfers, establishment of new interaction networks and new systems of lithic production.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232455
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