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Title

Efficacy of adjunctive anti‐plaque chemical agents in managing gingivitis: A systematic review and network meta‐analyses

AuthorsFiguero, Elena; Herrera, David; Tobías, Aurelio ; Serrano, Jorge
KeywordsAnti‐plaque chemical agents
Gingivitis
Issue Date6-May-2019
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
CitationJournal of Clinical Periodontology 46 (7): 723-739 (2019)
AbstractAim The aim of this network meta‐analysis (NMA) was to compare the efficacy of different oral hygiene products for chemical biofilm control, in 6‐month home‐use, randomized clinical trials (RCTs), in terms of changes in gingival index (GI). Material and Methods Six‐month RCTs assessing GI were identified and screened for inclusion. Relevant information was extracted, and quality and potential risk of bias were estimated. Mean differences between baseline and end were calculated to obtain standardized mean differences (SMDs). NMA protocols were applied to assess direct and indirect comparisons among products using Löe & Silness GI, modified GI and gingival severity index. Results Fifty‐three papers were included, 19 studies for mouth rinses, 32 for dentifrices, comprising data from 5,775 and 2,682 subjects, respectively. When ranking treatments, similar results were observed for all tested dentifrices, with the lowest effect observed for sanguinarine and baking soda. For mouth rinses, essential oils, triclosan–copolymer, chlorhexidine (at concentrations ≥ 0.10%) and cetylpyridinium chloride (>0.05%) demonstrated the greatest effect. Conclusion Although NMA revealed significant differences when comparing placebo versus some active agents, when comparing among active agents, no differences were found for dentifrices, while mouth rinses containing essential oils showed the greatest effect on GI scores.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13127
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/209773
DOI10.1111/jcpe.13127
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