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Title

Effects of the isoflavone daidzein in Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis: Modulation of the oestrogen receptor-β, apoptosis and enzymatic signalling pathways

AuthorsSarasquete, Carmen ; Úbeda-Manzanaro, María ; Ortiz-Delgado, Juan B.
KeywordsAChE
Apoptosis
CYP1A
ERβ
Daidzein
Senegalese sole
Survivin
Immunohistochemistry
Metamorphosis
Transcripts
Issue Date2019
PublisherUniversidad de Murcia
CitationHistology and histopathology 34: 875-887 (2019)
AbstractPhytochemicals are widely present in the aquatic environment and they are derived from many anthropogenic activities. The isoflavone daidzein is a natural compound that is found in the soya products used as habitual constituents of aquafeeds. Nevertheless, this isoflavone possesses oestrogenic and apoptotic properties. The present study determined the effects of daidzein (at 20 mg/L) during the first month and a half of life (from 7 to 44 days post-hatching -dph-) of the flatfish Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis, focusing at the metamorphosis. We have analysed different gene expression levels and immunohistochemical protein patterns implicated in some oestrogenic, apoptotic and enzymatic pathways. In general, the oestrogen receptor (ERβ) and stimulating apoptosis death receptor factor (Fas) transcript levels showed similar baseline patterns and transcriptional responses induced by daidzein. Both ERβ and Fas were up-regulated by this isoflavone at the pre-metamorphosis and metamorphosis, and they were down-regulated in post-metamorphosed stages. The expression pattern of the apoptotic effector caspase (Casp6) was exclusively up-regulated at the premetamorphic phase. The Birc5 transcripts (i.e. antiapoptosis, Survivin) were down-regulated by daidzein during certain metamorphic and post-metamorphosed stages. Besides, daidzein showed an up-regulating effect on both enzymatic complexes, the haemoprotein CYP1A and the acetylcholinesterase (AChE), except for a temporary AChE down-regulation in some postmetamorphosed stages. Immunostaining analysis only showed increased CYP1A signals in the liver of daidzein exposed fish. Overall, a majority of the transcriptional oestrogenic and apoptotic imbalances could be gradually and/or temporarily stabilised. Most controls and exposed larvae (70-80%) developed and grew following normal ontogenetic developmental patterns.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.14670/HH-18-090
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/209691
Identifiersdoi: 10.14670/HH-18-090
e-issn: 1699-5848
issn: 0213-3911
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