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Modeling the Accretion Disk around the High-mass Protostar GGD 27-MM1

AuthorsAñez-López, N.; Osorio, Mayra ; Busquet, G.; Girart, J. M.; Macías, E.; Carrasco-González, Carlos ; Curiel, S.; Estalella, R.; Fernández-López, M.; Galván-Madrid, R.; Kwon, J.; Torrelles, José María
KeywordsStar formation
Star-forming regions
Massive stars
Protoplanetary disks
Issue Date2020
PublisherIOP Publishing
CitationAstrophysical Journal 888(1): A41 (2019)
AbstractRecent high angular resolution (≃40 mas) ALMA observations at 1.14 mm resolve a compact (R ≃ 200 au), flattened dust structure perpendicular to the HH 80-81 jet emanating from the GGD 27-MM1 high-mass protostar, making it a robust candidate for a true accretion disk. The jet-disk system (HH 80-81/GGD 27-MM1) resembles those found in association with low- A nd intermediate-mass protostars. We present radiative transfer models that fit the 1.14 mm ALMA dust image of this disk, which allow us to obtain its physical parameters and predict its density and temperature structure. Our results indicate that this accretion disk is compact (R disk ≃ 170 au) and massive (≃5 M o), at about 20% of the stellar mass of ≃20 M o. We estimate the total dynamical mass of the star-disk system from the molecular line emission, finding a range between 21 and 30 M o, which is consistent with our model. We fit the density and temperature structures found by our model with power-law functions. These results suggest that accretion disks around massive stars are more massive and hotter than their low-mass siblings, but they still are quite stable. We also compare the temperature distribution in the GGD 27-MM1 disk with that found in low- A nd intermediate-mass stars and discuss possible implications for the water snow line. We have also carried out a study of the distance based on Gaia DR2 data and the population of young stellar objects in this region and from the extinction maps. We conclude that the source distance is within 1.2 and 1.4 kpc, closer than what was derived in previous studies (1.7 kpc). © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab5dbc
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