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Enhanced UV-Vis Photodegradation of Nanocomposite Reduced Graphene Oxide/Ferrite Nanofiber Films Prepared by Laser-Assisted Evaporation

AuthorsQueraltó, Albert ; György, Enikö; Ivan, Raluca; Pérez del Pino, Ángel ; Frohnhoven, Robert; Mathur, Sanjay
Issue Date2-Apr-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCrystals 10 (4): 271 (2020)
AbstractNanocomposite films of rGO/MFeO<sub>3</sub> (M = Bi, La) nanofibers were grown by matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation of frozen target dispersions containing GO platelets and MFeO<sub>3</sub> nanofibers. Electron microscopy investigations confirmed the successful fabrication of MFeO<sub>3</sub> nanofibers by electrospinning Part of nanofibers were broken into shorter units, and spherical nanoparticles were formed during laser processing. Numerical simulations were performed in order to estimate the maximum temperature values reached by the nanofibers during laser irradiation. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed the formation of perovskite MFeO<sub>3</sub> phase, whereas secondary phases of BiFeO<sub>3</sub> could not be completely avoided, due to the high volatility of bismuth. XPS measurements disclosed the presence of metallic bismuth and Fe<sup>2+</sup> for BiFeO<sub>3</sub>, whereas La<sub>2</sub>(CO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>3</sub> and Fe<sup>2+</sup> were observed in case of LaFeO<sub>3</sub> nanofibers. High photocatalytic efficiencies for the degradation of methyl orange were achieved for nanocomposite films, both under UV and visible light irradiation conditions. Degradation values of up to 70% after 400 min irradiation were obtained for rGO/LaFeO<sub>3</sub> nanocomposite thin layers, with weights below 10 &micro;g, rGO platelets acting as reservoirs for photoelectrons generated at the surface of MFeO<sub>3</sub>.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/cryst10040271
Appears in Collections:Colección MDPI
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