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Physiological responses to estuarine stress gradient affect performance and field distribution of the non-native crustacean Synidotea laticauda

AuthorsRuiz-Delgado, M. Carmen; González-Ortegón, Enrique ; Herrera, Inma; Drake, Pilar ; Almón, Bruno; Vilas, César; Baldó, Francisco
KeywordsSynidotea laticauda
Salinity gradient
Physiological tolerance
Potential respiration rate
Issue Date30-Sep-2019
CitationEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 225: 106233 (2019)
AbstractNaturalised populations in estuaries are characteristic of non-native species tolerant to the salinity gradient. The non-native isopod Synidotea laticauda, since the first record in 1991 in a European estuary, has been continuously recorded in others (e.g. in 1994 in the Guadalquivir estuary). Possible links between physiology and its successful establishment in the Guadalquivir estuary were explored through the combination of physiological studies and field distribution (7 years). Survival, osmoregulation and potential respiration rate were estimated under different experimental salinity conditions. This non-native species is naturalised, with presence of juveniles and adults during most of the year. Spatial patterns were closely related to the salinity gradient showing the highest densities at its isosmotic point (salinity = 20). Survival experiments showed a high tolerance (survival > 80%) to salinity changes between 5 and 35 and no mortality close to its isosmotic point. In addition, acute salinity changes had a clear effect on the potential respiration rate. Overall, our results suggests that the weak osmoregulatory capacity of S. laticauda determined its salinity-dependent distribution pattern, showing high densities at physiologically more favourable salinities, minimizing the energy required for osmoregulation and therefore its mortality risk.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2019.05.015
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2019.05.015
issn: 0272-7714
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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