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Title

Mitigating Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in Europe

AuthorsThomas, V.; Wang, Y.; Van Rooij, P.; Verbrugghe, E.; Baláž, V.; Bosch, Jaime ; Cunningham, A.A.; Fisher, M.C.; Garner, T.W.J.; Gilbert, M.J.; Grasselli, E.; Kinet, T.; Laudelout, A.; Lötters, S.; Loyau, A.; Miaud, C.; Salvidio, S.; Schmeller, D.S.; Schmidt, B.R.; Spitzen-Van der Sluijs, A.; Steinfartz, S.; Veith, M.; Vences, M.; Wagner, N.; Canessa, S.; Martel, A.; Pasmans, F.
KeywordsAmphibians
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans
Biosecurity
Chytrid fungus
Chytridiomycosis
Conservation
Emerging diseases
Mitigation
Salamanders
Trade
Issue DateAug-2019
PublisherBrill Academic Publishers
CitationAmphibia - Reptilia 40: 265- 290 (2019)
Abstract[EN] The infectious chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) has been responsible for severe population declines of salamander populations in Europe. Serious population declines and loss of urodelan diversity may occur if appropriate action is not taken to mitigate against the further spread and impact of Bsal. We provide an overview of several potential mitigation methods, and describe their possible advantages and limitations. We conclude that long-term, context-dependent, multi-faceted approaches are needed to successfully mitigate adverse effects of Bsal, and that these approaches should be initiated pre-arrival of the pathogen. The establishment of ex situ assurance colonies, or management units, for species threatened with extinction, should be considered as soon as possible. While ex situ conservation and preventive measures aimed at improving biosecurity by limiting amphibian trade may be implemented quickly, major challenges that lie ahead are in designing in situ disease containment and mitigation post-arrival and in increasing public awareness.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685381-20191157
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/209194
Identifiersdoi: 10.1163/15685381-20191157
issn: 1568-5381
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
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