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Effect of feeding time and frequency on gut transit and feed digestibility in two fish species with different feeding behaviours, gilthead seabream and Senegalese sole

AuthorsGilannejad, Neda ; Silva, Tomé; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo ; Yúfera, Manuel
KeywordsApparent digestibility
Feed residence time
Gut evacuation rate
Gut filling rate
Gut transit
Issue Date15-Nov-2019
CitationAquaculture 513: 734438 (2019)
AbstractA comparative approach was adopted to assess the effect of different feeding strategies on feed transit and daily oscillations of apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of dry matter, protein, and energy, in two species with different feeding habits, gilthead seabream and Senegalese sole. For this purpose, fish juveniles were consecutively fed with a standard and a marked diet (yttrium oxide) and were sampled at difference post-prandial times. Mathematical models were constructed to predict filling and evacuation of the stomach and intestine in gilthead seabream, and the whole digestive tract in Senegalese sole. Results demonstrated that changes in daily feeding time and frequency, modified the feed transit rate and residence time in the gut as well as the apparent digestibility, with obvious consequences for the utilization of nutrients. Variations in apparent digestibility were also observed along the daily cycle. Besides, the obtained response varied significantly depending on the studied fish species, due to the interspecific differences in the anatomy, digestive physiology, and feeding habits. Allocating the whole daily meal in one ration resulted in fast gut filling rate and low apparent digestibility in both species. In gilthead seabream, feeding protocol did not influence the stomach and intestine evacuation rates. However, in Senegalese sole, frequent meals during the whole daily cycle resulted in a faster gut evacuation. Very frequent diurnal feeding led to highest ADCs in both species; although, such higher digestibility values were not necessarily related to longer feed residence times within the gut in gilthead seabream. The results obtained from this study can be useful to establish optimized feeding protocols that help to reduce the production costs and undigested debris in the effluents.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734438
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734438
issn: 0044-8486
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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