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Title

Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane on diluted or promoted nickel oxide catalysts: Influence of the promoter/diluter

AuthorsDelgado Muñoz, Daniel; Solsona, Benjamín; Sanchis, Rut; Rodriguez, E; López Nieto, José Manuel
Issue Date2019
PublisherElsevier BV
CitationCatalysis Today: (2019)
AbstractTi- and Nb- containing NiO catalysts have been synthesized by two different preparation methods: i) by precipitation (Me-Ni-O oxides, Me = Nb or Ti), in order to prepare promoted NiO catalysts; and ii) by wet impregnation on TiO or NbO supports, in order to prepare diluted/supported NiO catalysts. The catalysts have been also characterized and tested in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane. The catalytic performance of Ti- and Nb-promoted catalysts strongly depends on the composition, although in both cases the optimal one is found at similar Ti or Nb loadings (ca. 90 wt% NiO), showing similar ethylene selectivity in the ODH of ethane (ca. 90% at 10–20% ethane conversion). However, in the case of diluted catalysts, the catalytic behavior of Ti- and Nb-containing catalysts is drastically different. Then, over TiO-diluted NiO catalyst, the highest selectivity to ethylene (ca. 90% selectivity) is achieved at NiO loading of 20 wt.%. However, over NbO-diluted NiO catalyst, selectivity to ethylene was lower than 70%. A discussion on the characteristics of selective catalysts is done. In this case, the best catalysts must present a low concentration of free NiO and TiO or NbO phases, maximizing the Ni-O-Ti or Ni-O-Nb interaction. Interestingly, this takes place at different NiO loading depending on the preparation method and the nature of promoted/diluter. The low selectivity to ethylene achieved by NiO diluted with NbO has been related to the low interaction of NiO with the surface of NbO, which hinders the elimination of unselective electrophilic O species.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2019.06.063
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/208890
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.cattod.2019.06.063
issn: 0920-5861
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