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The first metallurgy in the Pityusic Islands (Balearic archipelago, Mediterranean Sea)

AuthorsSureda, Pau
KeywordsBronze age
Pityusic Islands
Metal trade
Island colonisation
Lead isotope analysis
Issue Date1-Jun-2019
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11: 2727-2741 (2019)
AbstractThe islands of Ibiza and Formentera (the Pityusic Islands in the Balearic archipelago, Spain) were one of the last insular contexts to be colonised in the Mediterranean. The first settlement occurred during the second millennium cal BCE, probably by continental Bronze Age communities. During the first centuries of occupation (ca. 2100-1400 cal BCE), local material culture is defined in terms of the Bell-Beaker/Dolmenic and First Naviform periods. The Pityusic Islands have no mineral resources for producing copper or bronze objects locally, so the presence of metal objects dated to these periods necessarily indicates exogenous contact. Seven metal objects have been found in five archaeological sites located in both islands. Archaeometallurgical research conducted on these objects reveals the economic behaviour of these first settlers in acquiring these resources. In this respect, aspects of this behaviour, such as technological patterns and trade dynamics, are analysed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0685-8
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s12520-018-0685-8
e-issn: 1866-9565
issn: 1866-9557
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