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HSP90 and checkpoint-dependent lengthening of the G2 phase observed in plant cells under hypoxia and cold

AuthorsGiménez-Abián, M.I.; Rozalén, Ana E. ; Carballo, Jesús A. ; Botella, Luisa María ; Pincheira, Juana; López-Sáez, J. F.; Torre, Consuelo de la
KeywordsGrowth kinetics
Heat shock protein
Checkpoint override
G2 timing
Environmental stress
Allium cepa
Issue DateJun-2004
CitationProtoplasma 223(2-4):191-6 (2004)
AbstractProliferating cells of Allium cepa L. roots became adapted to hypoxia (5% oxygen) and cold (10 degrees C) by acquiring new steady-state kinetics of growth. The cell cycle time increased from the 17.6 h in control meristems up to 29.7 and 69.0 h under hypoxia and cold conditions, respectively. Acclimation of the proliferating cells was stress specific. No acclimation took place after 24 h of heat treatment (40 degrees C). Under cold treatment, all cycle phases enlarged uniformly. However, under hypoxia, while the G(1) and S cycle phases roughly doubled in their timing, the expected checkpoint-dependent lengthening of G(2) did not take place. This failure in lengthening G(2) in response to hypoxia correlated with a failure in the overinduction of a single peptide with a molecular mass of about 134 kDa which is among those recognised by an HSP90 antibody. Moreover, the presence of this large peptide of the HSP90 family proved to be a marker for cell proliferation. It was always absent from the contiguous differentiated cells of the root. Lastly, the mitochondrial chaperonin recognized by an HSP60 antibody in these roots not involved in photosynthesis was always higher in the proliferating than in the nonproliferating cells.
Description6 p.-1 fig.-2 tab.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00709-003-0022-6
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