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Title

Prospección arqueológica y etnoarqueológica del área noroccidental de Etiopía. Campaña de 2016

AuthorsGonzález-Ruibal, Alfredo ; Derara Megenassa, Worku; Simeneh, Chalachew; Falquina Aparicio, Álvaro
KeywordsFronteras
Sudán
Etiopía
Sultanato Funj de Sennar
Reino de Alodia
Borderlands
Sudan
Ethiopia
Funj Sultanate of Sennar
Kindgom of Alodia
Issue Date2019
PublisherMinisterio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte (España)
CitationInformes y Trabajos. Excavaciones en el Exterior 17: 27-39 (2019)
Abstract[ES] La zona existente entre Sudán y Etiopía es una antigua tierra de frontera que ha sido escasamente investigada. Desde 2013, nuestro proyecto explora su historia desde una perspectiva arqueológica y etnoarqueológica. Durante la campaña de 2016 en Qwara (área noroccidental de Etio-pía) pudimos documentar la evolución cultural de esta región de la frontera desde mediados-finales del primer milenio (d. C.) hasta el presente. Dicha evolución estuvo determinada en buena medida por las interacciones con los Estados vecinos y particularmente la región del Sudán. Se han registrado tres tradiciones culturales: la tradición del Gelegu (ca. 600-1300 d. C.); la tradición de Jebel Mahadid (1300-1650 d. C.) y la tradición Funj (1650-1850 d. C.). Las dos primeras se documentan ahora por primera vez. La evolución del área revela importantes variaciones en el grado de integración cultural, política y económica de sus comunidades con el mundo exterior. [EN] The area between Sudan and Ethiopia is an ancient borderland that has been scarcely in-vestigated. Since 2013, our project explores the long-term history of the frontier from an archaeologi-cal and ethnoarchaeological point of view. During our 2016 field season in Qwara (NW Ethiopia) we have been able to document the cultural evolution of this region of the borderland from the mid-late first millennium AD to the present. Such evolution was shaped by interactions with the neighboring states, and particularly the Sudan. Three cultural traditions were attested: the Gelegu Tradition (ca. 600-1300 d. C.), the Jebel Mahadid Tradition (1300-1650 d. C.) and the Funj Tradition (1650-1850 d. C.). The first two have been documented for the first time. The evolution of the area reveals important variations in the degree of cultural, economic and political integration of its communities with the wider world.
[EN] The area between Sudan and Ethiopia is an ancient borderland that has been scarcely investigated. Since 2013, our project explores the long-term history of the frontier from an archaeological and ethnoarchaeological point of view. During our 2016 field season in Qwara (NW Ethiopia) we have been able to document the cultural evolution of this region of the borderland from the mid-late first millennium AD to the present. Such evolution was shaped by interactions with the neighboring states, and particularly the Sudan. Three cultural traditions were attested: the Gelegu Tradition (ca. 600-1300 d. C.), the Jebel Mahadid Tradition (1300-1650 d. C.) and the Funj Tradition (1650-1850 d. C.). The first two have been documented for the first time. The evolution of the area reveals important variations in the degree of cultural, economic and political integration of its communities with the wider world.
Publisher version (URL)https://sede.educacion.gob.es/publiventa/informes-y-trabajos-17-excavaciones-en-el-exterior/arqueologia-patrimonio-cultural/21654C
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/208819
Identifiersissn: 2444-8087
other NIPO 822-19-041-7
Appears in Collections:(INCIPIT) Artículos
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