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Superspin glass behavior of Co nanocrystal arrays in MBE-grown Co/Ag multilayers

AuthorsNavarro, Enrique ; Alonso, María ; Ruiz, A.; Magen, Cesar; Urdiroz, Unai; Cebollada, F.; Balcells, Lluis ; Martínez Perea, Benjamín ; Palomares, F. Javier ; González Fernández, Jesús María
Issue Date2019
Citation10th International Symposium on Metallic Multilayers (2019)
AbstractSuperspin glass (SSG) magnetic order has been often reported for granular metallic alloys, where a high degree of disorder in the magnetic particles positions constitutes a key ingredient of the collective behavior. Granular multilayers would in principle offer a reduced disorder in comparison to granular solids, due to the stacking periodicity. In fact, SSG behavior has been also reported for discontinuous metal-insulator multilayers, although we are not aware of similar SSG reports for metallic multilayers. In the present investigation we study the structure and magnetic properties of granular Co/Ag multilayers grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on MgO(001) substrates. The nominal thickness of the Co layers was 0.5 and 1 monolayers (ML) and that of Ag layers was 8 ML and 16 ML. X-ray reflectivity and diffraction measurements confirmed that a clear superlattice periodicity was built in the samples, see Fig.1. The cross-section transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images also illustrate a well-defined multilayer sequence and show that Co layers are discontinuous, presenting a highly monodisperse Co particle distribution. The magnetometry (VSM and SQUID) and acsusceptibility studies indicated that these multilayers exhibited hysteresis below temperatures in the range 5 - 20 K, magnetization not saturable at fields of up to 6 T, and sharp peaks in the zero-field cooling dc- and ac- susceptibility curves at low temperatures (Tp). The frequency dependence of Tp in the ac- curves can be explained according to the Vogel-Fulcher law and yielded values of the frequency shift parameter Γ in the range 0.04-0.05. Henkel plots indicated demagnetizing interactions at the whole field range of the magnetization process. Hence, we conclude that, below the critical temperatures identified from the ac- susceptibility curves, our samples behave as a SSG, originated by the interparticle dipolar interactions. The degree of disorder within the Co layers seems thus to be sufficient to cause this magnetic collective behavior. Finally, the dependence of some of the magnetic properties on Co concentration is discussed, including also results from Co/Ag multilayers with thicker Co layers (up to 4 ML).
DescriptionResumen del póster presentado al 10th International Symposium on Metallic Multilayers (MML), celebrado en Madrid (España) del 17 al 21 de junio de 2019.
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Comunicaciones congresos
(ICMAB) Comunicaciones congresos
(ICMA) Comunicaciones congresos
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