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Tuning Spontaneous Emission through Waveguide Cavity Effects in Semiconductor Nanowires

AuthorsDirnberger, F.; Abujetas, Diego R. ; König, J.; Forsch, M.; Koller, T.; Gronwald, I.; Lange, C.; Huber, R.; Schüller, C.; Korn, T.; Sánchez-Gil, José A. ; Bougeard, D.
KeywordsSemiconductor nanowire
Luminescence lifetime
Tunable spontaneous emission
Photonic waveguide cavity
Free excitons
Subwavelength nanophotonics
Issue Date16-Sep-2019
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationNano Letters 19: 7287- 7292 (2019)
AbstractThe ability to tailor waveguide cavities and couple them with quantum emitters has developed a realm of nanophotonics encompassing, for example, highly efficient single photon generation or the control of giant photon nonlinearities. Opening new grounds by pushing the interaction of the waveguide cavity and integrated emitters further into the deep subwavelength regime, however, has been complicated by nonradiative losses due to the increasing importance of surface defects when decreasing cavity dimensions. Here, we show efficient suppression of nonradiative recombination for thin waveguide cavities using core-shell semiconductor nanowires. We experimentally reveal the advantages of such nanowires, which host mobile emitters, that is, free excitons, in a one-dimensional (1D) waveguide, highlighting the resulting potential for tunable, active, nanophotonic devices. In our experiment, controlling the nanowire waveguide diameter tunes the luminescence lifetime of excitons in the nanowires across 2 orders of magnitude up to 80 ns. At the smallest wire diameters, we show that this luminescence lifetime can be manipulated by engineering the dielectric environment of the nanowires. Exploiting this unique handle on the spontaneous emission of mobile emitters, we demonstrate an all-dielectric spatial control of the mobile emitters along the axis of the 1D nanowire waveguide.
Description6 pags., 4 figs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b02883
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b02883
issn: 1530-6992
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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