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Periodic Density Functional Theory Study of the Structure, Raman Spectrum, and Mechanical Properties of Schoepite Mineral

AuthorsColmenero, Francisco ; Cobos, Joaquín ; Timón, Vicente
Issue Date30-Mar-2018
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationInorganic Chemistry 57: 4470-4481 (2018)
AbstractThe structure and Raman spectrum of schoepite mineral, [(UO)O(OH)]·12HO, was studied by means of theoretical calculations. The computations were carried out by using density functional theory with plane waves and pseudopotentials. A norm-conserving pseudopotential specific for the U atom developed in a previous work was employed. Because it was not possible to locate H atoms directly from X-ray diffraction (XRD) data by structure refinement in previous experimental studies, all of the positions of the H atoms in the full unit cell were determined theoretically. The structural results, including the lattice parameters, bond lengths, bond angles, and powder XRD pattern, were found to be in good agreement with their experimental counterparts. However, the calculations performed using the unit cell designed by Ostanin and Zeller in 2007, involving half of the atoms of the full unit cell, led to significant errors in the computed powder XRD pattern. Furthermore, Ostanin and Zeller's unit cell contains hydronium ions, HO, which are incompatible with the experimental information. Therefore, while the use of this schoepite model may be a very useful approximation requiring a much smaller amount of computational effort, the full unit cell should be used to study this mineral accurately. The Raman spectrum was also computed by means of density functional perturbation theory and compared with the experimental spectrum. The results were also in agreement with the experimental data. A normal-mode analysis of the theoretical spectra was performed to assign the main bands of the Raman spectrum. This assignment significantly improved the current empirical assignment of the bands of the Raman spectrum of schoepite mineral. In addition, the equation of state and elastic properties of this mineral were determined. The crystal structure of schoepite was found to be stable mechanically and dynamically. Schoepite can be described as a brittle material exhibiting small anisotropy and large compressibility in the direction perpendicular to the layers, which characterize its structure. The calculated bulk modulus, B, was ∼35 GPa.
Description12 pags., 6 figs., 6 tabs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00150
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00150
issn: 1520-510X
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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