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Polymeric self-assemblies based on tetra-ortho-substituted azobenzene as visible light responsive nanocarriers

AuthorsRoche, Alejandro; Oriol, Luis; Tejedor, Rosa M.; Piñol, Milagros
Block copolymers
Issue Date2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationPolymers 11(12): 2060 (2019)
AbstractMost of reported polymeric light-responsive nanocarriers make use of UV light to trigger morphological changes and the subsequent release of encapsulated cargoes. Moving from UV- to visible-responsive units is interesting for the potential biomedical applications of these materials. Herein we report the synthesis by ring opening polymerization (ROP) of a series of amphiphilic diblock copolymers, into which either UV or visible responsive azobenzenes have been introduced via copper(I) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). These copolymers are able to self-assemble into spherical micelles or vesicles when dispersed in water. The study of the response of the self-assemblies upon UV (365 nm) or visible (530 or 625 nm) light irradiation has been studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Cryogenic Transmission Electron Microscopy (Cryo-TEM), and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) studies. Encapsulation of Nile Red, in micelles and vesicles, and Rhodamine B, in vesicles, and its light-stimulated release has been studied by fluorescence spectroscopy and confocal microscopy. Appreciable morphological changes have been induced with green light, and the subsequent release of encapsulated cargoes upon green light irradiation has been confirmed.
DescriptionThis article belongs to the Special Issue Photoresponsive Polymeric Materials.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11122060
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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