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Mesoporous Silica vs. Organosilica Composites to Desulfurize Diesel

AuthorsRibeiro, Susana O.; Granadeiro, Carlos M.; Corvo, Marta C.; Pires, João; Campos Martín, José Miguel ; Castro, Baltazar de; Balula, Salete S.
KeywordsOxidative desulfurization
Heterogeneous catalysis
Mesoporous silica
Polyoxometalate (POM)
Issue Date2019
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Chemistry 7 (2019)
Abstract[EN] The monolacunary Keggin-type [PWO] (PW) heteropolyanion was immobilized on porous framework of mesoporous silicas, namely SBA-15 and an ethylene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMOE). The supports were functionalized with a cationic group (N-trimethoxysilypropyl-N, N, N-trimethylammonium, TMA) for the successful anchoring of the anionic polyoxometalate. The PW@TMA-SBA-15 and PW@TMA-PMOE composites were evaluated as heterogeneous catalysts in the oxidative desulfurization of a model diesel. The PW@TMA-SBA-15 catalyst showed a remarkable desulfurization performance by reaching ultra-low sulfur levels (<10 ppm) after only 60 min using either a biphasic extractive and catalytic oxidative desulfurization (ECODS) system (1:1 MeCN/diesel) or a solvent-free catalytic oxidative desulfurization (CODS) system. Furthermore, the mesoporous silica composite was able to be recycled for six consecutive cycles without any apparent loss of activity. The promising results have led to the application of the catalyst in the desulfurization of an untreated real diesel supplied by CEPSA (1,335 ppm S) using the biphasic system. The system has proved to be a highly efficient process by reaching desulfurization values higher than 90% for real diesel during three consecutive cycles.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00756
Identifiersdoi: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00756
e-issn: 2296-2646
Appears in Collections:(ICP) Artículos
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