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Location of Neutrophils in Different Compartments of the Damaged Mouse Brain After Severe Ischemia/Reperfusion

AuthorsOtxoa de Amezaga, Amaia; Gallizioli, Mattia; Pedragosa, Jordi; Justicia, Carles ; Miró-Mur, Francesc; Salas-Perdomo, Angélica ; Díaz-Marugan, Laura; Planas, Anna M.
Middle cerebral artery
Issue DateJun-2019
PublisherAmerican Heart Association
CitationStroke - a Journal of Cerebral Circulation 50(6): 1548-1557 (2019)
AbstractBackground and Purpose- Ischemia attracts neutrophils to the injured brain. However, neutrophil location and access to the damaged brain tissue is not yet entirely understood. We aimed to investigate neutrophil location in a mouse model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. Methods- Adult male C57BL/6 mice (n=52) received 45-minute intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 14, 24, 48, or 96 hours of reperfusion. Sham-operated mice (n=9) were subjected to the entire surgical procedure. We used wild-type mice and CatchupIVM mice expressing a red fluorescent protein in neutrophils. In addition, fluorescent neutrophils obtained from reporter DsRed (discosoma red fluorescent protein) mice were transferred intravenously to wild-type mice after ischemia. Mice received transcardial paraformaldehyde perfusion, the brain was cryoprotected, frozen, and cryostat sections were studied by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. Results- Ischemia induced a time-dependent increase in brain neutrophil numbers versus sham operation. We detected neutrophils in the leptomeninges, ventricles, capillary lumen, perivascular spaces, and parenchyma within the infarcted core. Most ischemic mice showed neutrophils in the leptomeninges and perivascular spaces, whereas the presence and number of neutrophils in the parenchyma was variable among ischemic mice. During the first 24 hours, only a few mice showed parenchymal neutrophils, but the frequency of mice showing neutrophils in the parenchyma and neutrophil numbers increased at 48 and 96 hours. We also detected signs of basement membrane disruption and hints of occasional neutrophil degranulation and formation of neutrophil extracellular traps. Conclusions- After ischemia/reperfusion, neutrophils accumulate in the leptomeninges and perivascular spaces, and eventually can reach the infarcted brain parenchyma.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023837
Identifiersdoi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023837
issn: 0039-2499
e-issn: 1524-4628
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
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