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Título

The significance of sexual versus asexual cyst formation in the life cycle of the noxious dinoflagellate Alexandrium peruvianum

AutorFigueroa, Rosa Isabel ; Bravo, Isabel; Garcés, Esther
Palabras claveAlexandrium peruvianum
Cysts
Nitrates
Phosphates
Sexuality
Life cycle
Fecha de publicaciónago-2008
CitaciónHarmful Algae 7(5): 653-663 (2008)
ResumenAlexandrium peruvianum (Balech et Mendiola) is a noxious phototrophic marine dinoflagellate. During the life cycle of this species, two kinds of cysts are produced: resting cysts, which are long-lasting and double-walled, and temporary cysts, which are short-lasting and thin-walled. In addition, short-lasting, but resting-like cysts can also be formed. Although it is crucial to identify sexual events in a dinoflagellate population, sexual and asexual cysts are morphologically very similar in this species. Therefore, we studied the complete life cycle and the nature of the cyst- like stages formed after individual isolation of specimens and crossing of clonal cultures established from germination of wild resting cysts. Asexual division in A. peruvianum takes place either in the motile stage by sharing of the theca (desmoschisis), or inside a vegetative cyst (temporary cyst), from which two, or at times four or six naked daughter cells can originate. The daughter cells completely synthesize new cell walls (eleutheroschisis). Sexuality was confirmed by the presence of fusing gamete pairs and longitudinally biflagellated planozygotes after out- crossing of compatible clonal strains. However, the clonal cultures had low levels of self-compatibility, since a flow cytometry analysis showed that synchronized self-crosses produced few zygotes (<5%). After isolation of individual cells, it was proved that the fate of the planozygotes depended on the nutritional status of the isolation media. Most of the planozygotes isolated to replete medium (L1) divided, whereas in medium lacking nitrates (L-N) or phosphates (L-P) they formed temporary, thin-walled cysts. Temporary cysts formed in L1 were always uninucleated and gaverise to one cell, while those formed in L-N or L-P produced 1–6 small cells. In addition, resting cysts were formed in culture, but never after individual planozygote isolation. Resting cysts were uninucleated and needed maturation time before entering dormancy. The resting cysts were considered sexual products, since longitudinally biflagellate germlings were liberated after germination in all cases studied. Mature resting cysts (52.3
Descripción12 pages, 7 figures, 4 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2008.02.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/20790
DOI10.1016/j.hal.2008.02.005
ISSN1568-9883
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