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Title

2D Metal–Organic Frameworks as Multifunctional Materials in Heterogeneous Catalysis and Electro/Photocatalysis

AuthorsDhakshinamoorthy, Amarajothi; Asiri, Abdullah M.; García Gómez, Hermenegildo
Issue Date11-Oct-2019
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationAdvanced Materials 31(41): 1900617 (2019)
AbstractMetal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are composed of particles with 3D geometry and are currently among the most widely studied heterogeneous catalysts. To further increase their activity, one of the recent trends is to develop related 2D materials with a high aspect ratio derived from a large lateral size and a small thickness. Here, the use of these 2D MOFs as catalysts, electrocatalysts, and photocatalysts is summarized, illustrating the advantages of these 2D materials compared to analogous 3D MOFs. The state of the art is summarized in tables and, when possible, pertinent turnover number (TON) and frequency (TOF) values. This enhanced activity of 2D MOFs derives from the accessibility of the active sites, the presence of a higher density of defects, and exchangeable coordination positions around the MOFs, as well as from their ability to form thin films on electrodes or surfaces. The importance of providing convincing evidence of the stability of 2D MOFs under reaction conditions and general characterization data of the used 2D material after catalysis is highlighted. In the last part, views regarding challenges in the field and new developments that can be expected are presented.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900617
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/207861
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/adma.201900617
issn: 1521-4095
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