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Double-edged lipid nanoparticles combining liposome-bound TRAIL and encapsulated doxorubicin showing an extraordinary synergistic pro-apoptotic potential

AuthorsMiguel, Diego De; Gallego, Lleyda, Ana; Martinez-Ara, Miguel; Plou, Javier; Anel, Alberto; Martínez-Lostao, Luis
Cancer immunotherapy
Issue Date2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCancers 11(12): 1948 (2019)
AbstractAlthough TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, also known as Apo2L) was described as capable of inducing apoptosis in transformed cells while sparing normal cells, limited results obtained in clinical trials has limited its use as an anti-tumor agent. Consequently, novel TRAIL formulations with enhanced bioactivity are necessary for overcoming resistance to conventional soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) exhibited by many primary tumors. Our group has generated artificial liposomes with sTRAIL anchored on their surface (large unilamellar vesicle (LUV)-TRAIL), which have shown a greater cytotoxic activity both in vitro and in vivo when compared to sTRAIL against distinct hematologic and epithelial carcinoma cells. In this study, we have improved LUV-TRAIL by loading doxorubicin (DOX) in its liposomal lumen (LUVDOX-TRAIL) in order to improve their cytotoxic potential. LUVDOX-TRAIL killed not only to a higher extent, but also with a much faster kinetic than LUV-TRAIL. In addition, the concerted action of the liposomal DOX and TRAIL was specific of the liposomal DOX and was not observed when with soluble DOX. The cytotoxicity induced by LUVDOX-TRAIL was proven to rely on two processes due to different molecular mechanisms: a dynamin-mediated internalization of the doxorubicin-loaded particle, and the strong activation of caspase-8 exerted by the liposomal TRAIL. Finally, greater cytotoxic activity of LUVDOX-TRAIL was also observed in vivo in a tumor xenograft model. Therefore, we developed a novel double-edged nanoparticle combining the cytotoxic potential of DOX and TRAIL, showing an exceptional and remarkable synergistic effect between both agents.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11121948
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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