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Tracking Sensory Characteristics of Virgin Olive Oils During Storage: Interpretation of Their Changes from a Multiparametric Perspective

AuthorsLobo-Prieto, Ana; Tena, Noelia ; Aparicio-Ruiz, Ramón; Morales, María T.; García-González, Diego L.
Issue Date7-Apr-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationMolecules 25 (7): 1686 (2020)
AbstractVirgin olive oil is inevitably subject to an oxidation process during storage that can affect its stability and quality due to off-flavors that develop before the oil surpasses its &lsquo;best before&rsquo; date. Many parameters are involved in the oxidation process at moderate conditions. Therefore, a multiparametric study is necessary to establish a link between physico-chemical changes and sensory quality degradation in a real storage experiment. In this context, a storage experiment of 27 months was performed for four monovarietal virgin olive oils, bottled in transparent 500-mL PET bottles and subjected to conditions close to a supermarket scenario. Volatile composition, quality parameters and phenolic compounds were determined monthly. Simultaneously, an accredited sensory panel assessed their sensory characteristics. The stability of the fresh samples was also studied with the oxidative stability index (OSI) and mesh cell-FTIR. (<i>E</i>)-2-hexenal, (<i>Z</i>)-3-hexen-1-ol and (<i>E</i>)-2-hexen-1-ol were identified as markers of the fruity attribute. Hexanal and nonanal were also identified as compounds that were associated with the rise of median of defect during storage. Some disagreements were observed between the sensory assessment and the OSI analyzed by Rancimat. However, the increase of concentration of rancid markers agreed with the increase of aldehyde band measured with mesh cell-FTIR.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/molecules25071686
Appears in Collections:Colección MDPI
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