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Title

The formation of human populations in South and Central Asia

AuthorsNarasimhan, Vagheesh M.; Patterson, Nick; Moorjani, Priya; Rohland, Nadin; Bernardos, Rebecca; Mallick, Swapan; Lazaridis, Iosif; Nakatsuka, Nathan; Olalde, Iñigo ; Lipson, Mark; Kim, Alexander M.; Fribus, Alexey V.; Meyer, Matthias; Fuller, Dorian; Goryachev, Alexander; Gromov, Andrey; Grushin, Sergey P.; Hanks, Bryan; Judd, Margaret; Kazizov, Erlan; Khokhlov, Aleksander; Mamedov, Aslan M.; Lalueza-Fox, Carles ; Krygin, Aleksander P.; Kupriyanova, Elena; Kuznetsov, Pavel; Luiselli, Donata; Maksudov, Farhod; Reich, David; Mamirov, Talgat B.; Shinde, Vasant S.; Meiklejohn, Christopher; Merrett, Deborah C.; Micheli, Roberto; Mochalov, Oleg; Mustafokulov, Samariddin; Nayak, Ayushi; Zubova, Alisa; Zubkov, Valery S.; Pettener, Davide; Potts, Richard; Razhev, Dmitry; Rykun, Marina; Sarno, Stefania; Pinhasi, Ron; Savenkova, Tatyana M.; Sikhymbaeva, Kulyan; Slepchenko, Sergey M.; Soltobaev, Oroz A.; Zahir, Muhammad; Stepanova, Nadezhda; Svyatko, Svetlana; Tabaldiev, Kubatbek; Yermolayeva, Antonina; Velemínský, Petr; Teschler-Nicola, Maria; Tishkin, Alexey A.; Voyakin, Dmitriy; Tkachev, Vitaly V.; Frachetti, Michael; Vasilyev, Sergey; Olivieri, Luca M.; Coppa, Alfredo; Vidale, Massimo; Mallory, James; Moiseyev, Vyacheslav; Kitov, Egor; Monge, Janet; Adamski, Nicole; Callan, Kimberly; Alex, Neel; Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen; Candilio, Francesca; Kennett, Douglas J.; Cheronet, Olivia; Culleton, Brendan J.; Ferry, Matthew; Fernandes, Daniel; Freilich, Suzanne; Gamarra, Beatriz; Gaudio, Daniel; Hajdinjak, Mateja; Harney, Éadaoin; Lawson, Ann Marie; Harper, Thomas K.; Keating, Denise; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy; Mah, Matthew; Mandl, Kirsten; Michel, Megan; Novak, Mario; Oppenheimer, Jonas; Rai, Niraj; Sirak, Kendra; Slon, Viviane; Stewardson, Kristin; Zhang, Zhao; Zalzala, Fatma; Boivin, Nicole; Akhatov, Gaziz; Bagashev, Anatoly N.; Bagnera, Alessandra; Baitanayev, Bauryzhan; Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio; Bissembaev, Arman A.; Luca Bonora, Gian; Chargynov, Temirlan T.; Chikisheva, Tatiana; Dashkovskiy, Petr K.; Anthony, David; Derevianko, Anatoly P.; Dobeš, Miroslav; Douka, Katerina; Dubova, Nadezhda; Duisengali, Meiram N.; Enshin, Dmitry; Epimakhov, Andrey
Issue Date6-Sep-2019
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
CitationScience 365(6457): eaat7487 (2019)
AbstractBy sequencing 523 ancient humans, we show that the primary source of ancestry in modern South Asians is a prehistoric genetic gradient between people related to early hunter-gatherers of Iran and Southeast Asia. After the Indus Valley Civilization's decline, its people mixed with individuals in the southeast to form one of the two main ancestral populations of South Asia, whose direct descendants live in southern India. Simultaneously, they mixed with descendants of Steppe pastoralists who, starting around 4000 years ago, spread via Central Asia to form the other main ancestral population. The Steppe ancestry in South Asia has the same profile as that in Bronze Age Eastern Europe, tracking a movement of people that affected both regions and that likely spread the distinctive features shared between Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic languages.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat7487
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/207623
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aat7487
Identifiersdoi: 10.1126/science.aat7487
e-issn: 1095-9203
issn: 0036-8075
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