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Local and Volume-Conducted Contributions to Cortical Field Potentials

AuthorsTorres, Daniel; Makarova, Julia ; Ortuño, Tania; Benito, N.; Makarov, V. A.; Herreras, Óscar
field potential
slow cortical oscillations
spatial discrimination
Issue Date2019
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationCerebral Cortex 29: 5234- 5254 (2019)
AbstractBrain field potentials (FPs) can reach far from their sources, making difficult to know which waves come from where. We show that modern algorithms efficiently segregate the local and remote contributions to cortical FPs by recovering the generator-specific spatial voltage profiles. We investigated experimentally and numerically the local and remote origin of FPs in different cortical areas in anesthetized rats. All cortices examined show significant state, layer, and region dependent contribution of remote activity, while the voltage profiles help identify their subcortical or remote cortical origin. Co-activation of different cortical modules can be discriminated by the distinctive spatial features of the corresponding profiles. All frequency bands contain remote activity, thus influencing the FP time course, in cases drastically. The reach of different FP patterns is boosted by spatial coherence and curved geometry of the sources. For instance, slow cortical oscillations reached the entire brain, while hippocampal theta reached only some portions of the cortex. In anterior cortices, most alpha oscillations have a remote origin, while in the visual cortex the remote theta and gamma even surpass the local contribution. The quantitative approach to local and distant FP contributions helps to refine functional connectivity among cortical regions, and their relation to behavior.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhz061
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/cercor/bhz061
issn: 1460-2199
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