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Alteration of bottom roughness by benthic organisms in a sandy coastal environment

AuthorsGuillén, Jorge ; Soriano, Sergi ; Demestre, Montserrat ; Falqués, Albert; Palanques, Albert ; Puig, Pere
KeywordsBiological roughness
Reworking rates
Ripples destruction
Wave dissipation
Issue Date15-Oct-2008
CitationContinental Shelf Research 28(17): 2382– 2392 (2008)
AbstractThis work deals with the potential influence of benthic communities on the sediment dynamics of the coastal zone, and specifically with the modifications to bottom roughness caused by communities and their effects on wave propagation across the coastal profile. Time-series of video observations of the sea bottom on the Ebro delta coast were analysed in order to estimate the bottom roughness associated with physical and biological morphological components and the sediment reworking rates caused by epifaunal organisms. Biological roughness was mainly caused by ophiuroids and tanatocenosis of bivalve and gastropod shells, which changed their abundance during the study period. The total biological roughness (Kbio) ranged between 0.27 and 0.81cm and represented a significant part (o20%) of the total form drag roughness. Flattening of ripples caused by bioturbation was observed under lowenergy conditions. Surface sediment perturbation and bioturbation rates were also estimated. Based on these observations a wave propagation model was applied in order to carry out a sensitivity analysis of the significance of biological roughness on wave dissipation in the study area under different wave conditions
Description11 pages,8 figures,1 table
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2008.05.003
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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