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Título

Biochemical and molecular characterization of induced resistance against Penicillium digitatum in citrus fruit

AutorBallester Frutos, Ana Rosa ; Izquierdo, Ana; Lafuente, María Teresa ; González-Candelas, Luis
Palabras claveChitinase
Citrus fruit
Gene expression
Glucanase
Induced resistance
Infection
Penicillium digitatum
Peroxidase
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
PR proteins
Scoparone
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2010
EditorElsevier
CitaciónPostharvest Biology and Technology 56 (1): 31-38 (2010)
ResumenTo get an insight into the mechanisms underlying resistance of citrus fruit against Penicillium digitatum, we have analyzed at the enzyme activity and gene expression levels the possible involvement of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), peroxidase, β-1,3-glucanase and chitinase in the flavedo (outer colored part of the fruit peel) and albedo (the inner white part) in elicited fruit. As a tool to induce resistance, we inoculated oranges with P. digitatum and 1 d later fruit were exposed to a hot air treatment at 37 °C for 3 d. All enzyme activities increased in parallel with increased resistance, especially in the albedo, although the highest activities were generally found in the flavedo. Expression of the gene encoding PAL and that of the genes coding for the basic, rather than for the acidic, isoforms of the PR proteins was also induced in both tissues, but most markedly in the albedo.
Descripción8 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables. Online version available 31 December 2009
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.10.002
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/20722
DOI10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.10.002
ISSN0925-5214
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