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Changes in soil chemical characteristics with different tillage practices in a semi-arid environment

AutorLópez-Fando, Cristina ; Pardo Fernández, María Teresa
Palabras claveConservation tillage
Nutrient stocks
Semi-arid soils
Soil pH
Fecha de publicación2009
CitaciónSoil and Tillage Research 104:278-284 (2009)
ResumenWe examined the effects of various tillage intensities: no-tillage (NT), minimum tillage with chisel plow (MT), conventional tillage with mouldboard plow (CT), and zone-tillage subsoiling with a paraplow (ZT) applied in alternate years in rotation with NT, on the topsoil profile distribution (0–30 cm) of pH, soil organic carbon (SOC), organic N and available nutrients on a semi-arid soil from Central Spain. The equivalent depth approach was used to compare SOC, N and nutrient stocks in the various tillage treatments. Measurementsmade at the end of 5 years showed that in the 0–30 cm depth, SOC and N had increased under NT and ZT compared with MT and CT. Most dramatic changes occurred within the 0– 5 cm depth where plots under NT and ZT had respectively 7.0 Mg ha 1 and 6.2 Mg ha 1 more SOC and 0.5 Mg ha 1 and 0.3 Mg ha 1 more N than under MT or CT. No-tillage and ZT plots, however, exhibited strong vertical gradients of SOC and N with concentrations decreasing from 0–5 to 20–30 cm. In the 0– 20 cm layer, higher concentrations of P and K under NT and ZT than under MT or CT were also found. Soil pH under NT and ZT was 0.3 units lower than under MT or CT at a depth of 0–5 cm. This acidifying effect was restricted at the surface layer and in the 20–30 cm interval, pH values under NT and ZT were higher than in MT and CT plots. These results suggest that in the soil studied, ZT in rotation with NT maintain most advantages associated with NT, and present a definite potential for use as a partial-width rotational tillage practice.
Descripción7 pages, figures, and tables stastics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2009.03.005
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