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Cathepsin B-mediated yolk protein degradation during killifish oocyte maturation is blocked by an H+-ATPase inhibitor: effects on the hydration mechanism

AuthorsRaldúa, Demetrio ; Fabra, Mercedes; Bozzo, María G.; Weber, Ekkehard; Cerdà, Joan
KeywordsFundulus heteroclitus
Oocyte maturation
Issue Date2006
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
CitationAJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 290(2): R456-R466 (2006)
AbstractIn teleost oocytes, yolk proteins (YPs) derived from the yolk precursors vitellogenins are partially cleaved into free amino acids and small peptides during meiotic maturation before ovulation. This process increases the osmotic pressure of the oocyte that drives its hydration, which is essential for the production of buoyant eggs by marine teleosts (pelagophil species). However, this mechanism also occurs in marine species that produce benthic eggs (benthophil), such as the killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus), in which oocyte hydration is driven by K+. Both in pelagophil and benthophil teleosts, the enzymatic machinery underlying the maturation-associated proteolysis of YPs is poorly understood. In this study, lysosomal cysteine proteinases potentially involved in YP processing, cathepsins L, B, and F (CatL, CatB, and CatF, respectively), were immunolocalized in acidic yolk globules of vitellogenic oocytes from the killifish. During oocyte maturation in vitro induced with the maturation-inducing steroid (MIS), CatF disappeared from yolk organelles and CatL became inactivated, whereas CatB proenzyme was processed into active enzyme. Consequently, CatB enzyme activity and hydrolysis of major YPs were enhanced. Follicle-enclosed oocytes incubated with the MIS in the presence of bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of vacuolar-type H+ ATPase, underwent maturation in vitro, but acidification of yolk globules, activation of CatB, and proteolysis of YPs were prevented. In addition, MIS plus bafilomycin A1-treated oocytes accumulated less K+ than those stimulated with MIS alone; hence, oocyte hydration was reduced. These results suggest that CatB is the major protease involved in yolk processing during the maturation of killifish oocytes, whose activation requires acidic conditions maintained by a vacuolar-type H+-ATPase. Also, the data indicate a link between ion translocation and YP proteolysis, suggesting that both events may be equally important physiological mechanisms for oocyte hydration in benthophil teleosts.
Description12 pages, 9 figures, 1 table
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00528.2005
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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